sabato 3 febbraio 2018

Which linux version we have to do with?

Here is a memo to find it:

Check linux kernel version number

Open a shell prompt and type the following command to see your current Linux kernel version:

$ uname -a

Sample outputs:
Linux vivek-laptop 2.6.32-23-generic-pae #37-Ubuntu SMP Fri Jun 11 09:26:55 UTC 2010 i686 GNU/Linux
- 2.6.32-23 – Linux kernel version number
- pae – pae kernel type indicate that I’m accssing more than 4GB ram using 32 bit kernel.
- SMP – Kernel that supports multi core and multiple cpus.

/proc/version file

Type the following command to see Linux version info:

$ cat /proc/version

Sample outputs:
Linux version 3.2.0-0.bpo.1-amd64 (Debian 3.2.4-1~bpo60+1) ( (gcc version 4.4.5 (Debian 4.4.5-8) ) #1 SMP Sat Feb 11 08:41:32 UTC 2012
The above output identifies the kernel version that is currently running.

Find Distribution Version

Type the following command:

$ cat /etc/*release


$ lsb_release -a

Sample outputs:

No LSB modules are available.
Distributor ID: Ubuntu
Description: Ubuntu 10.04 LTS
Release: 10.04
Codename: lucid


Some resources about Eloquent ORM

Here the links:

venerdì 8 dicembre 2017

Can you store password in Putty sessions?

The short answer is no. But you have a workaround that can help you to reach the same result: a one-click Putty shortcut to your server from your desktop.
That's the issue of this article.

Here is how to do:

  1. Create on the desktop a shortcut to Putty.exe
  2. Right click on the shortcut, select "properties" and edit the target attribute
  3. Change
    "C:\ProgramFiles\putty.exe" root@ -pw YourPassword
    "C:\ProgramFiles\putty.exe" is the correct path of your putty.exe file
    "root" to the user you would use to login to your remote server
    "" is the remote server IP
    "YourPassword" is the correct password.
  4. Click "Apply" then "OK" to commit the change.

Now simply double-click on your new shortcut and you'll be logged on your server.

domenica 26 novembre 2017

Eloquent collections methods

The Eloquent ORM provides a beautiful, simple ActiveRecord implementation for working with your database.
The results of Eloquent queries are always returned as Collection instances and Eloquent has a list of methods to work with Collections.

Here it is an interesting article about 10 less-known Eloquent collections methods:

Howto preview sql query code generated in Eloquent

The simplest method to show the query generated by Eloquent is by utilizing a ->toSql() method.
We only need to replace the closing ->get() with ->toSql() and then print out the results with dd() or die() funnction.

Here is an example:

    $users = DB::table('users')
        ->where('email', '')
        ->where('is_active', true)
//        ->get();

This is the output:

"select * from `users` where `name` = ? and `is_active` = ?"

A little more complex and complete way is to enable and use the QueryLog method.

Here the example:

    $users = DB::table('users')
    ->where('email', '')


This is the output:

array:1 [
  0 => array:3 [
    "query" => "select * from `users` where `email` = ?"
    "bindings" => array:1 [
      0 => ""
    "time" => 61.13